Monday, April 27, 2015

Concealed Carry for Knives in MI.

Tom's Journal.

The 'Wheels of Justice' turn ever so slowly in our good old USA....  LOL.   But now days with all the rioting every time the boogies or Muslims get a wild hair up their 'nose'... and they just wait for some kind of 'spark' to set them off to robbing, looting, raping, and "Burn, Baby, Burn" their own towns at the drop of a  hat.   Baltimore is burning right NOW, on TV ! !    And the cops are afraid to defend themselves for fear of another big old riot and burn time!   Obama is, of course, strangely silent, but where is the great and wonderful wizard of Oz, Al Sharpton....  Ha! ?
     Years ago, when two of my good cop buddies were doing OK at their LE jobs and encouraged me to join their ranks, as they said I was well suited for LE [Law Enforcement], I chose to stay in my chosen field of skilled trades,  Welding, and went to college twice to learn more, besides working in the field for many years, waiting to be re-called to my old job at Chrysler in Kenosha, WI.   Well, at least they both taught me how to shoot the pistol much better at the near by indoor shooting range.   And I am the kind of guy who prays that I will never HAVE TO USE MY WEAPON, EVER, but I know that I must always keep alert, "on guard," and ready to protect.   Like I have said [not bragged] so many times, we are BLESSED to be living in a far Northern, pure, pristine, "Frozen Tundra" altitude, about 2 hours drive North of Green Bay, WI., where the crime is very low and people are law abiding, kind, Conservative Christians... albeit many are fishermen and hunters, and retired Military guys.    So far the police have been nice and friendly, PTL.   But then I behave myself and try to obey the laws...  so that now they want me to serve on Jury Duty !!   Yikes !   Well,  I want to obey the Law of the Land, if it doesn't go against God's Laws, and the KJV Bible.    That is why I study the Laws and the Bible...  to know the facts.  
    I hope that Michigan passes this sensible, righteous law soon.  Enjoy.

Tommy Schuckman

Concealed carrying expansion for knives passes Michigan House

April 10, 2013|Brandon Hubbard | Staff Writer --
A bill expanding knife carrying laws passed Tuesday in the Michigan House, forwarding new wording that would allow hunters, workers and hobbyists to conceal, carry and transport larger knives.

The bill (House Bill 4262) was an amended version of legislature introduced by state Rep. Frank Foster, R-Petoskey, in 2012 that would have made, among other things, switchblades legal in Michigan.

However, the switchblade wording was struck from the current bill and passed through the House nearly unanimously Tuesday on a 107-2 vote.

"The intent was to let outdoors and professional people use these (knives), who don't think they are doing anything illegal," Foster said.

Under the legislation knives larger than three inches will become legal to have and carry, something -- the second-term representative says -- has sometimes been a gray area for recreational and professional uses.

"If you're a fisherman, your fillet knife is usually over (three inches)." Foster said.

Michigan law currently allows certain knives to carried while hunting, at home and at a business under certain circumstances. House Bill 4262 would expand the law to include transport between those areas, as long as it is sheathed or in a glove compartment.

Felony convictions related to carrying dangerous weapons totaled 2,156 in 2011, according to the House Fiscal Agency.

The law would also do away with language for weapons primarily used to do bodily harm for more general language, as well as the three-inch limit on knives.

Descriptions for dirk, dagger and stiletto would be removed and replaced with the broader description "razor" and "knife."

Foster believes the legislation expansion is a good compromise because it includes tougher penalties for offenders.

A person carrying a weapon with plans on committing a crime would still be committing a five-year felony and potentially also face a $2,500 fine. Current law limits one of the two penalties, but not both.

The Michigan United Conservation Clubs supports the bill and the Michigan State Police have taken a neutral stance.

The American Knife and Tool Institute put out a statement in March calling on Michigan to take up the legislation after stalling and commending Foster for championing the effort.

The bill now heads to the Michigan Senate.

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Michigan Knife Laws

The law in Michigan can be confusing if you have not had formal training. This article will give you a through understanding of Michigan’s knife laws in everyday English. It will give you a brief version of the law, a full version of the law with explanations, as well as case precedence. The law does not have to be confusing (and it was never intended to be) and, hopefully, this article will make it more accessible for the common person.

What is Legal to Own

  • Butterfly knives, also called balisong knives, are legal.
  • Dirks, daggers, stilettos, and other stabbing knives are legal.
  • Throwing knives and throwing stars are legal.
  • Bowie knives and other large knives are legal.
  • Hidden knives like belt knives and lipstick knives are legal.
  • Undetectable knives (knives that do not set off metal detectors) are legal.
  • Switchblades, automatic knives, and gravity knives are illegal.

What is Legal to Carry

  • All knives, except for banned ones, are legal for open carry.
  • It is legal to carry a hunting knife concealed.
  • It is illegal to conceal carry dirks, stilettos, daggers, and other stabbing items.
  • On top of this, you can not carry a dangerous weapon with intent to harm.
The law only limits the carry of dirks, stilettos, daggers, and other sharp, double bladed stabbing tools. If a knife can not be used to stab (has no point), it can be carried concealed as long as you do not have intent to harm someone.

What the Law Says

No Intent to Harm

MCL § 750.226
§ 750.226. Firearm or dangerous weapon; carrying with unlawful intent. Sec. 226.
Carrying firearm or dangerous weapon with unlawful intent-Any person who, with intent to use the same unlawfully against the person of another, goes armed with a pistol or other firearm or dagger, dirk, razor, stiletto, or knife having a blade over 3 inches in length, or any other dangerous or deadly weapon or instrument, shall be guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not more than 5 years or by a fine of not more than 2,500 dollars.
This law makes it illegal for individuals to use a dangerous weapon against another. The law states that daggers, dirks, razors, and stilettos are dangerous weapons per se. The law also goes on to say that any knife over 3 inches, when used against another person, is a defacto dangerous weapon. However, the clause also ends with “or any other dangerous or deadly weapon or instrument.” What would be included under that? We don’t know for sure but case law gives us some ideas.
Any knife can be a dangerous weapons. In the 1971 case of People v Iverson, it was found that carrying a hunting knife is not a per se crime unless you are carrying a hunting knife with intent to harm another person. The implications of this is that, if you are planning on hurting someone with a knife, there is a chance that the knife can count as a dangerous weapon even if it is a 1 inch folder.
Pocket knives over 3 inches are not dangerous weapons per se. The case of People v Vaines in 1945 found that a jackknife (a type of pocket knife) that is over 3 inches in blade length is not an automatic dangerous weapon and carrying it is not a crime. The court goes on to explain that, only when the knife is  used for attacking or defending is it than a deadly weapon.
What is the implications of these two cases and the law? It means that you can carry any of the above knives on you as long as you do not have intent to harm someone. The prosecution must prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, that you, at the moment the police found you, had intent to harm while you were carrying a dangerous knife.
An example of a case where this happened was in Chicago where a man was convicted of carrying a dangerous weapon with intent to harm. A police officer found the man bent over behind a car at night with leather gloves on during the summer. Given the season, the fact that the knife was in the open position, and the fact he was concealed, a jury convicted him of carrying a dangerous weapon with intent to harm.

No Automatic Knives

MCL § 750.226a
§ 750.226a. Pocket knife opened by mechanical device; unlawful sale or possession; persons exempted. Sec. 226a.
Any person who shall sell or offer to sell, or any person who shall have in his possession any knife having the appearance of a pocket knife, the blade or blades of which can be opened by the flick of a button, pressure on a handle or other mechanical contrivance shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for not to exceed 1 year or by a fine of not to exceed $300.00, or both. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any one-armed person carrying a knife on his person in connection with his living requirements.
This law bans the possession and sale of switchblades, automatic knives, and gravity knives. This means it is illegal for you to own a switchblade, automatic knife, or gravity knife in Michigan. Bringing one over from another state would still be illegal.
Note that the law here does not ban balisong knives, also called butterfly knives. Balisong knives do not open with a button, pressure, or mechanical contrivance. Balisong knives have a latch which you must release but, once released, the knife will still not open until you manually expose the blade from the handle. This makes balisong knives legal in Michigan.

Limits on Concealed Knives

MCL § 750.227
§ 750.227. Concealed weapons; carrying; penalty. Sec. 227.
(1) A person shall not carry a dagger, dirk, stiletto, a double-edged nonfolding stabbing instrument of any length, or any other dangerous weapon, except a hunting knife adapted and carried as such, concealed on or about his or her person, or whether concealed or otherwise in any vehicle operated or occupied by the person, except in his or her dwelling house, place of business or on other land possessed by the person. […] (3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony, punishable by imprisonment for not more than 5 years, or by a fine of not more than $2,500.00.
MCL § 750.222a
§ 750.222a. “Double-edged, nonfolding stabbing instrument” defined. Sec. 222a.
(1) As used in this chapter, “doubled-edged, nonfolding stabbing instrument” does not include a knife, tool, implement, arrowhead, or artifact manufactured from stone by means of conchoidal fracturing. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an item being transported in a vehicle, unless the item is in a container and inaccessible to the driver.
From reading this, we know that it is legal to concealed carry a hunting knife. We also know that it is legal to open carry any type of knife as long as it is not an automatic knife (a knife your not supposed to have in your possession).
What is illegal than? Well, we must first find out what “other dangerous weapon” means. Case precedence will help with this.
People v Smith (1975) found that “other dangerous weapon” must mean other types of stabbing instruments. The implications of this is that carrying concealed a non-hunting knife that has a blunt tip is not illegal. Some dive knives have blunt tips and, under this law, you can carry them concealed. To further emphasize this point, the case of People v Grandberry in 1980 found that axes (top tomahawks for tactical use) do not qualify as dangerous weapons in this clause since they can not be used to stab others. From these two cases, we know that, as long as the knife can not be used to stab others, it is legal to carry concealed.

What is a Hunting Knife?

The case of People v Payne in 1989 found that a hunting knife is a knife used to cut open and skin game. It is usually a wide, single bladed knife with a point tip. The law makes no distinction on folding or fixed blade. It also has no distinction on blade length.

Conclusion on Michigan Knife Laws

Michigan’s laws are not that confusing, it just requires some investigation and analysis. In Michigan, you can own any knife you want as long as it is not an automatic knife. You can also open carry any knife you want. The only limits to concealed carry is that you must not use the knife to harm others and that you can not carry a stabbing knife like a dirk or stiletto.
Note that this is not legal advice and there is no client-attorney relationship. Talk to an attorney in your area if you need assistance. There are also county laws that come into play as well.
If you have a question, type it in the comment box below.


  • Concealed weapons; carrying; penalty. MCLS § 750.227 (2012). Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • Double-edged, nonfolding stabbing instrument defined. MCLS § 750.222a (2012). Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • Firearm or dangerous weapon; carrying with unlawful intent. MCLS § 750.226 (2012). Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • People v Iverson (1971) 34 Mich App 519, 191 NW2d 745. Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • People v Johnson (1989) 175 Mich App 56, 437 NW2d 302. Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • People v Payne (1989) 180 Mich App 283, 446 NW2d 629. Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • People v Smith (1975) 393 Mich 432, 225 NW2d 165. Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • People v Vaines (1945) 310 Mich 500, 17 NW2d 729 Retrieved on January 28, 2013 from LexisNexis database.
  • Pocket knife opened by mechanical device; unlawful sale or possession; persons exempted. MCLS § 750.226a (2012). Retrieved

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